• 1 Hotel Brooklyn Bridge Park, New York
    Owned by Opportunity Fund IX

  • Facts At A Glance

    24 years since Starwood Capital's Inception

    Years since
    Starwood Capital's

    $54b Market Capitalization of IPOS led by the Firm

    of IPOS Led
    by the Firm

    1,160+ Employees in 12 offices worldwide

    Employees in 12 offices worldwide

    26 Operating Companies created or acquired

    Operating Companies
    created or acquired

    $42b Assets under management

    Assets under

  • Baccarat Hotel & Residences, New York
    Owned by Opportunity Fund VIII, Hotel Fund II
    and Baccarat Co-Invest

  • The Park, Prague
    Owned by Opportunity Fund IX

  • Hôtel de Crillon, Paris
    Owned by Hotel Fund I, Opportunity Fund VII
    and SDL Co-Invest

  • Paramount Bay, Miami
    Owned by Opportunity Fund VIII
    and Corus Co-Invest

At a Glance

Starwood Capital Group is a 24-year-old private investment firm with:

  • A primary focus on global real estate
  • Assets under management of more than $42 billion
  • More than 800 employees in 12 offices worldwide
  • A seasoned, stable senior management team that has worked together an average of 15 years and possesses an average of 28 years of industry experience
  • The investment flexibility to shift between real estate asset classes, geographies and positions in the capital stack as we perceive  risk-reward dynamics to be evolving
  • Extensive public markets expertise, having guided IPOs for eight companies totaling almost $54 billion in market capitalization


Starwood Capital Group is a private investment firm with a primary focus on global real estate. Since its inception in 1991, the Firm has raised nearly $31 billion of equity capital and currently has more than $42 billion of assets under management. Over the past 24 years, Starwood Capital has acquired more than $63 billion of assets across virtually every real estate asset class.

Since founding Starwood Capital during the depths of the savings & loan crisis with the purchase of non-performing loans and real estate assets from Resolution Trust Corp., Chairman and CEO Barry Sternlicht has overseen the Firm’s growth into a diversified investment company that today encompasses more than 800 employees (plus 470 in our loan servicing businesses). Including affiliated operations, the Firm maintains offices in Greenwich (our global headquarters), Atlanta, Chicago, Frankfurt, London, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Miami, Paris, San Francisco, São Paulo and Washington, D.C.

The Firm’s business is built upon innovation. We have created a number of market-leading platforms to enhance operational efficiencies and maximize the value of our investments’ underlying assets. These platforms include:

  • The world’s largest hotel company (Starwood Hotels & Resorts)
  • Two of the biggest commercial mortgage finance companies in the United States (Starwood Property Trust and iStar Financial)
  • One of the foremost hotel collections in the United Kingdom
  • One of the largest portfolios of select-service hotels in the United States
  • One of the largest homebuilders in the United States (TRI Pointe Homes)
  • One of the leading regional mall operators in the United States (Starwood Retail Partners)
  • One of the largest owners of single-family rental homes in the United States (Starwood Waypoint Residential Trust)
  • One of the leading providers of residential sites to the U.S. homebuilding industry (Starwood Land Ventures)

In our pursuit of the most compelling opportunities globally, we have invested in markets ranging from Thailand to France to Poland. Highlighting our international commitment, Starwood Capital in 2011 made the strategic decision to enhance its longstanding presence in Europe in anticipation of a prolonged recovery across the region—with our Global Head of Real Estate Acquisitions, Jeff Dishner, moving to London to oversee this effort.

Reflecting the success of its investment activities, Starwood Capital and its professionals have received numerous industry accolades over the years—including being named PERE’s European Firm of the Year (2013) and North American Firm of the Year (2010), and Global Industry Figure of the Year (Mr. Sternlicht, 2010 and 2009) and North American Industry Figure of the Year (Mr. Sternlicht, 2010); Commercial Property Executive’s Investor of the Year and Executive of the Year (Mr. Sternlicht, 2010); and The Mortgage Observer’s Most Important Person in Commercial Real Estate Finance (Mr. Sternlicht, 2013).



Barry Sternlicht launches Starwood Capital Group.


Starwood Opportunity Funds I and IA close at $52M.


Starwood Capital funds contribute multifamily holdings to Equity Residential (NYSE: EQR)—which goes on to become the largest publicly-traded apartment owner in the country, with Mr. Sternlicht serving on its Board of Directors

Starwood Opportunity Fund II closes at $102M


Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, acquires a majority of the distressed senior debt of Hotel Investors Trust, thus setting the stage for the Firm’s emergence as a global leader in the hospitality space

Starwood Mezzanine Investors closes at $220M


Starwood Capital creates Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide (NYSE: HOT) and Mr. Sternlicht becomes Chairman and CEO

Starwood Capital, via affiliates, purchases Westin Hotels & Resorts and begins a new growth phase for the business


Starwood Opportunity Fund IV closes at $830M


Starwood Capital creates Starwood Financial, subsequently renamed iStar Financial (NYSE: STAR), which becomes one of the largest publicly traded real estate finance companies in the U.S.

Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide completes the $14B acquisition of ITT Sheraton, making the company the largest hotel operator in the world

First W Hotel opens in New York



Starwood Opportunity Fund V closes at $516M

Starwood Capita, via an affiliate, makes its first international investment, purchasing the distressed loans of condominiums in Bangkok


Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide is added to the S&P 500 Index


Starwood Opportunity Fund VI closes at $567M


Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, takes National Golf Properties private

Starwood Capital opens an office in London—marking the beginning of the Firm’s significant expansion of its international operations


Starwood Global Opportunity Fund VII closes at $1.475B

Starwood Capital Hospitality Fund I closes at $900M

Starwood Capital funds complete the $3.2B acquisition of Groupe Taittinger and Société du Louvre

Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, acquires Mammoth Mountain, one of the top-ranked ski resorts in the U.S.


Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, acquires BR Guest Hospitality, owner and operator of some of New York most successful restaurant brands


The Visionaire, developed by Starwood Capital, becomes Manhattan’s first Platinum LEED-certified condominium project

Starwood Energy Infrastructure Fund I closes at $433M

Starwood Capital launches Starwood Land Ventures, which goes on to become one of the leading providers of residential sites to the U.S. homebuilding industry.


Starwood Debt Fund II closes at $378M

Starwood Capital creates Starwood Property Trust (NYSE: STWD), a commercial mortgage REIT that is the largest blind pool company ever listed on the NYSE

Starwood Capital funds acquire Corus Bank’s $4.5B face-value loan portfolio from the FDIC in one of the government’s largest distressed debt transactions during the Great Recession


Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, purchases a property in New York’s Chelsea neighborhood that, when redeveloped as the Walker Tower, sets a new record price for a downtown Manhattan condo sale

Starwood Global Opportunity Fund VIII closes at $1.83B

Starwood Capital funds acquire The Viceroy Resort—making the Firm the largest employer on the island of Anguilla

Starwood Capital Global Hospitality Fund II closes at $965M


Starwood Capital funds acquire two prime Manhattan assets that the Firm will develop into flagship properties for its 1 Hotels and Baccarat Hotels & Resorts brands

Starwood Energy Group, via an affiliate, completes the Starwood SSM Project—one of the largest solar power plants in Canada

Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, makes the first in a series of acquisitions that will establish the Firm as one of the largest operators of select-service and extended-stay hotels in the U.S.

Starwood Energy Group finances the Gainesville (FL) Renewable Energy Center—one of North America’s largest-ever biomass projects


Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, makes the first in a series of acquisitions of leading regional malls in the U.S., and creates Starwood Retail Partners to manage the portfolio

Starwood Capital affiliate Starwood European Real Estate Finance (LSE: SWEF) goes public


Starwood Capital funds acquire Principal Hayley, which the Firm subsequently merges with Four Pillars and De Vere Ventures to create a leading U.K. hotel platform

Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, and Starwood Property Trust to acquire LNR Property LLC (along with subsidiary Hatfield Philips International) for $1.05B, thus expanding the Firm’s distressed real estate expertise

Starwood Capital portfolio company TRI Pointe Homes (NYSE: TPH) goes public and is later combined with a Weyerhaeuser subsidiary to create one of the largest homebuilders in the United States

Starwood Distressed Opportunity Fund IX closes at $4.2B

Starwood Energy Infrastructure Fund II closes at $983M


Starwood Waypoint Residential Trust (NYSE: SWAY), one of the largest owners of single-family rental homes in the U.S., goes public

Starwood Capital enters into a strategic partnership to develop the new stadium campus for AS Roma, one of the world’s leading football clubs

Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, acquires a diverse portfolio of assets in Sweden and Norway for $1.4B—the largest property transaction in Scandinavia for the year



Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, makes its first investments in the student housing sector

Starwood Capital, via an affiliate, completes the $1.2B acquisition of TMI Hospitality, one of the largest owners, managers and developers of select-service hotels in the U.S.

Starwood Global Opportunity Fund (SOF X) closes at $5.6B—the Firm’s largest fund to date

Business Lines

We have organized Starwood Capital into complementary business lines that feature executive sponsorship and dedicated teams of professionals, supported by the Firm’s general resources in acquisitions, asset management, finance, investor relations, accounting, tax and legal. 

Real Estate Businesses

Global Opportunistic Real Estate

This has been Starwood Capital’s primary business since the Firm raised its first distressed real estate fund in 1992. Starwood Capital considers opportunistic real estate investing to be defined by minimizing downside risk and maximizing upside. In executing this strategy, the Firm’s seasoned team pursues global investment opportunities across all real estate asset classes and positions in the capital stack that offer compelling risk-reward propositions. For example, we have been one of the most prolific investors in distressed debt since the Global Financial Crisis, while acquiring cash-flowing office, residential, retail, industrial and hotel assets at discounts to replacement cost. We have also successfully built platform strategies such as our land portfolio, retail malls and select service hotels. We have successfully raised 10 opportunistic real estate funds to date, with the most recent (Starwood Global Opportunity Fund X) attracting $5.6 billion of committed capital.

Performing Real Estate Debt

With total capital deployed since inception of more than $17 billion, Starwood Property Trust (NYSE: STWD) is the largest commercial mortgage real estate investment trust in the U.S. Externally managed by Starwood Capital, Starwood Property Trust focuses on originating, investing in, financing and managing commercial mortgage loans and other commercial real estate debt investments. Starwood European Real Estate Finance Ltd. (LSE: SWEF), also externally managed by Starwood Capital, pursues similar investment objectives to Starwood Property Trust, with a geographic focus on Europe.


Starwood Retail Partners manages one of the largest regional mall operating platforms in the U.S., with a portfolio of 28 properties totaling 27 million square feet of gross leasable area and $5 billion of gross asset value. Starwood Retail Partners seeks to capitalize on opportunities in the rapidly evolving retail landscape by acquiring, redeveloping and repositioning premier real estate assets in the regional mall, lifestyle and power center sectors. Utiliziing its deep experience in management, leasing and redevelopment, Starwood Retail Partners is well-positioned to transform leading shopping centers into the one-stop retail destinations of the future.

Hotel Brand Management

SH Group is a hotel brand management company that provides the Firm with significant proprietary investment opportunities. Professionals within SH Group also serve as Starwood Capital’s in-house design and hotel operations experts. Leveraging its marketing, design, operational and technological expertise, SH Group is the force behind some of the most groundbreaking and dynamic hotel brands in the world, including:

  • 1 Hotels
    As a lifestyle hotel brand inspired by nature, 1 Hotels cultivates the best of socially conscious design and sustainable architecture, together with extraordinary comfort and an unrivaled level of service. 1 Hotels, which will launch in 2015 with the opening of exclusive properties in Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Miami’s South Beach, was developed with the simple idea that nature isn’t just beautiful—it changes the way we feel. Each 1 Hotel will uphold this vision by channeling nature through design, culinary partnerships, connecting with the local community and taking small steps to make a big difference.
  • Baccarat Hotels & Resorts
    Drawing upon the 250-year history of the iconic French crystal maker, Baccarat Hotels & Resorts delivers a distinctive, personalized experience in the world’s most illustrious locales. Baccarat Hotels & Resorts launched in March 2015 with the opening of its flagship property in New York, to be followed by Rabat, Morocco, in 2016. Distinguished by a singular sense of glamour and celebration, as well as a groundbreaking vision of modern luxury, Baccarat Hotels & Resorts sets a new standard for the ultimate lifestyle experience—reimagining excellence through impeccable service and inspired artistry.
Loan Servicing

Starwood Capital, through Starwood Property Trust’s 2013 acquisition of LNR Property LLC, also operates as a special loan servicer in the U.S. and a primary and special loan servicer in Europe (through LNR’s subsidiary, Hatfield Philips International), and has expanded its product offerings to include fixed-rate and conduit loans. LNR provides Starwood Capital with unique insight into the distressed debt market, as it is the named special servicer on $131 billion in real estate debt, and currently manages $15 billion of real estate-owned and distressed loans. In Europe, LNR subsidiary Hatfield Philips is the active primary servicer on $12 billion and special servicer on $8 billion of commercial mortgage-backed securities.


In February 2014, Starwood Property Trust spun off its single-family residential business, which merged with Waypoint Real Estate Group to create Starwood Waypoint Residential Trust (NYSE: SWAY)—one of the largest publicly traded investors, owners and operators of single-family rental homes in the U.S. Starwood Capital also created TRI Pointe Homes (NYSE: TPH), a West Coast homebuilder that merged with Weyerhaeuser’s homebuilding business in 2014 to create one of the largest homebuilders in the U.S. TRI Pointe Homes provides Starwood Capital with a unique perspective on the U.S. residential markets. Starwood Land Ventures, one the nation’s leading providers of residential sites to the homebuilding industry, offers additional insights into land valuation trends in the U.S. and their resulting impact on residential property values.

Energy Businesses

Energy Infrastructure

Starwood Energy Group specializes in energy infrastructure investments, with a focus on the natural gas and renewable power generation and transmission sectors. Through its general opportunity funds, Starwood Energy Infrastructure Fund I and II, and other affiliated investment vehicles, Starwood Energy Group manages total equity commitments of approximately $2.3 billion, and has executed transactions totaling more than $4 billion in enterprise value. By leveraging its extensive operations, development, construction, acquisition and financing expertise, the team is well-positioned to capitalize on opportunities emerging in this rapidly evolving industry.

Oil & Gas

Starwood Oil & Gas invests in conventional and unconventional oil & gas assets in North America. In November 2013, the group closed its first transaction: a $35 million investment in Northeast Natural Energy funding an acreage acquisition and development program in one of the most prolific areas of the Marcellus Shale. Leveraging its industry knowledge and extensive transactional experience, Starwood Oil & Gas is well-positioned to capitalize on the dramatic transformation of the energy sector.

Non-Correlated Businesses

Insolvency Receivables

Starwood Capital has a minority interest in Balbec Capital LP, a pioneering investor in the portfolios of steeply discounted claims where the debtor and assets are in bankruptcy. The group’s investments typically involve credit card and other personal loan claims subject to court-approved and administered payment plans on unsecured consumer debt. Through its global platform and experience in worldwide insolvency markets, Balbec Capital LP seeks to generate returns that are uncorrelated to the capital markets and mitigate risk through a broadly diversified portfolio.


Starwood Capital occupies a unique position in global real estate investing, based on the following differentiators:

Deep Hands-On Real Estate Perspective

Starwood Capital has 24 years of experience covering virtually every real estate asset class. The Firm has acquired more than $46 billion of opportunistic real estate assets since inception, and has generated strong returns during that time. The Firm also operates the largest ($5.35 billion) commercial mortgage REIT in the U.S.

Investment Flexibility

A hallmark of Starwood Capital is the ability to pursue a wide variety of investment opportunities as they emerge—moving from asset class to asset class, shifting geographies from the U.S. to international markets and changing positions in the capital stack as we see risk-reward dynamics evolving.

Global Reach

Starwood Capital’s track record as a global investor is well-established. Beginning with the purchase of distressed condominium loans in Bangkok in 1999, the Firm’s international investments have steadily increased, encompassing countries all around the world. In Europe alone, Starwood Capital has invested $4.1 billion in 47 transactions from 1999 through 2014, and acquired more than $1.3 billion in 31 transactions in the region via the Firm’s debt platforms, Starwood Property Trust (NYSE: STWD) and Starwood European Real Estate Finance (LSE: SWEF). We expect increasing numbers of attractive investment opportunities to emerge from the region.

To provide on-the-ground support for international investment opportunities as they emerge, the Firm has opened a number of offices around the world. For example, we opened a local London office in 2003 that now serves as the hub of a pan-European operation comprising approximately 160 employees. Today, Starwood Capital and its affiliates operate 12 offices worldwide. Our expansive network allows us to efficiently evaluate the most compelling risk-reward opportunities across the globe—and, as a result, our pipeline of potential investments is the most robust we’ve seen since the Firm’s founding.

Scale and Creativity

As one of the largest institutional real estate investors in the world, Starwood Capital benefits from a worldwide sourcing engine—creating a robust deal flow, and sourcing the majority of its transactions off-market. The Firm also boasts a history of extraordinary creativity that extends to its innovative transaction structuring and execution capabilities.

Operational Expertise

The Firm has broad operating experience in all real estate asset classes, with asset management organized into dedicated teams by specialty. We have created a number of platforms to enhance operational efficiencies and maximize the value of the underlying assets. In addition, our in-house loan workout expertise—highlighted by our affiliates, special servicers LNR Property LLC and Hatfield Philips International—gives us the ability to manage large portfolios of non-performing loans.

An Information Edge

The expertise developed through Starwood Capital’s symbiotic business lines enhances our judgment throughout the underwriting process. These investment platforms provide the Firm with critical bottom-up intelligence that helps set the agenda for future transactions:

  • Starwood Property Trust: Starwood Capital manages the largest commercial mortgage REIT in the U.S., which helps the Firm underwrite transactions by providing information on where loans are being executed in the market. The team also shares market data with the Firm to help create more accurate underwriting projections.
  • SH Group: Starwood Capital’s hotel brand management team brings operational expertise in the areas of revenue management, marketing, food & beverage, and systems and cost management to our underwriting and asset management teams.
  • Starwood Waypoint Residential Trust: Our publicly-traded single-family rental platform enhances our knowledge of local residential markets, helping us better evaluate residential land values as well as multifamily rental markets.
  • Starwood Retail Partners: Our team of retail experts gives the Firm an edge in evaluating malls, power centers and lifestyle centers. The team has built strong relationships with tenants and can provide detailed operating metrics to help fine-tune asset cash flow projections.
  • LNR/Hatfield Philips International: Our two large special loan servicers supply Starwood Capital with market information in the U.S. and Europe, as well as provide appropriate insight into various troubled real estate projects.
  • Starwood Land Ventures: Our team of residential land experts provides granular detail on residential land pricing and new housing trends, as well as development cost analysis.

Capital Markets Skills

The Firm’s capital markets expertise is a core competency that sets it apart from more traditional real estate investors. Starwood Capital constantly evaluates real estate in relation to the capital markets in order to take advantage of pricing inefficiencies, and arbitrage between the public and private markets. When the public markets are willing to pay more for assets or platforms than we could generate from individual sales, we have created additional value for our investors through a number of successful public market executions, including:

On the debt side, our veteran in-house capital markets team has closed transactions totaling approximately $37.3 billion since March 2010. The team’s expertise and global network of lending relationships allow us to obtain best-in-market terms for our investors, while using brokers only sparingly (less than 14% of the time).

Distressed Investing in Our DNA

Starwood Capital was founded during the savings & loan crisis, when the Firm acquired real estate holdings from Resolution Trust Corp. The Firm has since capitalized on numerous opportunities to purchase distressed assets at deep discounts. In fact, the Firm acquired $6.7 billion of NPLs across our last two fully invested funds. Starwood Capital affiliates LNR Property LLC and Hatfield Philips International, two of the largest special loan servicers, also provide insight into various troubled real estate projects.

Seasoned, Stable Management Team

The senior team at Starwood Capital has worked together for an average of 15 years, and has an average of 28 years of industry experience—across all real estate asset classes and stages of the investment cycle.

Strong Risk-Adjusted Performance

Starwood Capital’s disciplined investment approach has enabled the Firm to deliver consistently strong performance across its funds, with our first seven funds 100% liquidated.

Mid-Market Focus

Starwood Capital occupies a distinctive niche in the market: Nimble enough to target transactions of $50-125 million, yet large enough to capitalize on billion-dollar investment opportunities around the world, utilizing co-investment funds. For its sweet spot of midsized transactions, the Firm’s reputation, sophistication, speed, access to capital and ability to execute provide us with a competitive advantage over smaller firms. On larger transactions, the Firm’s proven ability to conduct detailed due diligence using a vast network of resources and relationships provides us with an in-depth understanding of potential investments that many of our peers cannot match in a cost-efficient manner.


Starwood Capital seeks to deliver consistent, robust returns while placing a premium on preserving capital. We perform a comprehensive risk-reward analysis on each potential investment, and only invest in assets and businesses with asymmetric upside and limited downside risk. We are guided by common sense, discipline and the recognition that intellectual humility is the foundation of successful investing. We adhere to the following core principles:

Buy Below Replacement Cost

Purchase—at favorable prices—fundamentally sound assets that have previously lacked capital, attention or the proper financial incentives.

Utilize Appropriate Leverage

Seek to use the proper leverage—in amount and duration—to reflect the stability of each asset’s cash flow. In certain cases, we secure debt longer than our expected hold period—representing a potential asset upon exit if interest rates rise, as we expect them to.

Invest When New Supply Is Low

Target markets with high barriers to entry and little to no competitive supply planned or under construction.

Construct Diversified Portfolios

Actively manage concentrations of fund capital by diversifying exposures across risk profiles, geographic areas, asset classes and positions in the capital structure.

Align Interests with Our Investors

Treat our investment partners’ capital as our own—because part of it is our own. Starwood Capital’s partners invest alongside our LPs in every transaction that we sponsor. We have never taken transaction fees—believing instead that we should profit only after our investors receive a full return of their capital plus an attractive preferred return.

Anticipate Micro and Macro Opportunities

Seek to get ahead of capital flows in areas where economic growth is projected to drive tenant demand but new supply is not yet on the horizon. We have found that capital flows often influence asset valuations as much as— or more than—the impact of local market supply and demand trends. Once these target markets are identified, Starwood Capital works on the “micro” side to pinpoint investment opportunities with asymmetrical return potential through value-added management.

Add Value to Investments

  • Acquire undermanaged or undercapitalized assets that we can stabilize
  • Implement a dynamic asset management plan to improve operating cash flows and position an investment for sale at maximum price upon stabilization
  • In appropriate cases, create a growth platform through the acquisition of complementary assets and/or portfolios
  • Design optimal exit strategies that can generate maximum asset value, including an individual asset sale, portfolio sale or public market execution—all of which Starwood Capital has extensive experience in executing